He was a ruthless dictator and everyone was sure the President would meet with him. Or were they? As it turns out, hindsight really isn’t 20/20. And this blindness can wreak havoc on our decisions in the future.
(Hindsight Bias, Decision Making)

  1. Kahneman, Daniel. 2011. Thinking, Fast and Slow. Farrar, Straus and Giroux.
  2. MacMillan, Margaret. 2007. “‘Nixon and Mao.’” The New York Times, February 25, 2007. https://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/25/books/chapters/0225-1st-macm.html.
  3. Gavin Cassar and Justin B. Craig. (2009). “An investigation of hindsight bias in nascent venture activity.” Journal of Business Venturing, 24 (2): 99-196.
  4. Sanna, L. J., Schwarz, N., & Stocker, S. L. (2002). When debiasing backfires: Accessible content and accessibility experiences in debiasing hindsight. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 28(3), 497–502.
  5. C-Span. FEBRUARY 28, 1972. Reel America. Nixon in China

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